Chartres Cathedral
Geometry
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        Vocabulary
three dimensional -a solid or space figure that has length,width and height or depth
Sacred geometry - inspires reverence and respect
 hexagons - six sided polygon
Octagon - eight sided polygon
triangle - three sided polygon
circle - The only polygon with no sides, angles, or points.
cylinders - Are solids with circles for bases no vertices.
proportion-Comparative relation between things or magnitures as to size, quantity, number, ratio.
labyrinth-A mazelike, intricate pattern
       The  architectural components of the Charters Cathedral combine geometric shapes and principals that result in one of the most beautiful cathedrals in the world. Orison Wells spoke of the power of art in culture using this cathedral. He said that the cathedral was more important than the people that created it. The Charters Cathedral stands 130 meters in length, 32/46 in width. The  height of the nave is 37 meters and 16.4 meters in width. This cathedral is well known for the use of geometry and in particular for "sacred geometry". "Sacred geometry" tends to include man in a system of rhythm and harmony similar to the natural one. "(www.sangleno. info). This cathedral uses circles, octagons, hexagons, triangles, which medieval builders called the "Godly" shapes. From the flying buttresses to the delicate designs in the stained glass windows, geometry has an important role in the construction and life of this building.
     The floor plan shows this. The cathedral is laid out in the shape of a cross. The longer north south rectangle intersects across the east- west axis. This makes two lines of symmetry. The original builders used three diamonds which continues this use of symmetry. Quadrilaterals seem to be well represented in this cathedral. The Charters cathedral has a three dimensional trapezoid roof. Cylinders support arches throughout the cathedral. The solids that hold up the vaults alternate with the openings in equal measured spaces. It gives this cathedral a sense of proportion. The Charters cathedral has two towers. One of the towers has a octagonal form and the other one is formed like a rectangular prism. When you step into the cathedral there are a lot of shapes and designs on the floor. This floor has two symmetrical crossed hexagons in the middle of the floor. An interesting fact we want to include in our discussion about the geometry of Chartres is its labyrinth. The best known classical labyrinth, this pattern creates a path of quarter circles and semi-circles that do not loop. One of the symmetrical features included in this design is that this path is reversible.
 The north rose window  has different types of polygons inside it. It is a circle that can be divided into twelve equally spaced points. It is a kind of connect the dots picture using squares, circles, equilateral and isosceles triangles which shows the basic layout. Chartres cathedral is a perfect example of how architecture is more than just a building, but aims at creating something that will last forever. It makes man want to look higher.

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Hypersnap by Carlos

Drawing by Trevon