atom Ernest Everett Just  
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         Dr. Ernest E. Just was well known for his many scientific papers.  He was best recognized  for his work on cell development.  A true scientist,  Dr. Just used his curiosity to continue his work.  He followed the scientific method, consistently studying.  His enjoyment of biology and zoology was obvious because he participated in so many challenging research projects. In order to get his many degrees, he had to study hard and stay focused.  How he got on this path and achieved his success is what this biography is about.
        Born on August 14, 1883 to Charles Frazier and Mary Matthews Just ,Ernest Everett Just was an African American.  He grew up in Charleston, South Carolina saving his money to go to college. He got a teaching degree at the age of sixteen then left South Carolina heading for New Hampshire. He attended Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire where he studied mainly zoology and cell development. In 1907 he graduated, as the only African American in his class, earning a degree with many honors in zoology.
         After graduating, he was given a job at Howard University teaching biology. After his job as a biologist, Just became a biochemist and worked in Woods Hole,  Massachusetts where he became interested in cells.
He spent twenty summers working in the Marine Biology Laboratory at Woods Hole. Just wrote a great number of scientific papers about his studies.
  He got his Ph. D from the University of Chicago in 1916 in experimental embryology, the first African American to do so.
        Ernest Everett Just was  awarded the first Spingarn Medal given by the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People).This was given to him because of  his outstanding achievement in the field of research in science and because of the amazing scientific papers he wrote
 about biology.
        Having trouble getting recognized and finding work in research, Just left the United States and went to Europe.  While in Europe he wrote his most important work (book) The Biology of the Cell. His continued his research in Europe until the Germans occupied France in 1940. He returned to the United States continuing his job at Howard University but he was ill. Unfortunately, he died on October 27th, 1941 of pancreatic cancer.